Costa Rica Information

I would like to provide some general information for those who are interested in Costa Rica

  • Costa Rica is 51,100 square kilometers or 19,730 square miles which includes Isla del Coco off the south western coast
  • The country is divided into seven provinces – Alajuela, Cartago, Guanacaste, Heredia, Limon, Puntarenas, San Jose
  • There is 1290 kilometers or 801 miles of coastline
  • The population is 4,576,562
  • The country boasts a 96% literacy rate
  • The government is democratically elected
  • Independence was declared from Spain in 1821, there is no military in Costa Rica
  • Currency is the Colon – the value fluctuates in the low 500’s but for ease of math I use 500 colones for 1 American dollar
  • Average income in Costa Rica is $12,500 per year
  • The seasons are as follows: DRY season is December – April and this is the high season for travel meaning increased prices for tourists on hotels, etc. RAINY season or as some marketing wiz started calling it “green” season is May – November
  • There are two international airports, San Jose and Liberia, both in the central part of the country. The government has signed an agreement to build a future international airport at the south end of the country in Valle de Sierppe
  • Biodiversity in Costa Rica is greater than North America or Europe due to several facts; it is a land bridge between north and south America allowing animals to move freely, it has a tropical climate, it has a large range of habitats and the government has a strong ecological policy towards preservation
  • Costa Rica is home to more than 9000 types of vascular plants, 850+ species of birds, 200+ types of mammals, and more than 35,000 types of insects

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